Border Agreement Between Pakistan And Afghanistan

Uncomfortable relationship between two people or groups. The United States and other NATO countries often ignore this sensitive issue, probably because of the potential impact on their war strategy in Afghanistan. Their commitment could weigh on relations and jeopardize their own national interests in the region. [12] This occurred after the NATO bombing in November 2011, which killed 24 Pakistani soldiers. [88] In response to this incident, Pakistan decided to cut off all NATO power lines and improve border security by installing anti-aircraft missiles and radars to monitor air activity. [89] With regard to the Durand line, some rival maps are expected to have deviations of up to five kilometres. [90] Since the early 1990s, Afghanistan and Pakistan have been trying to build a pipeline that will transport energy from Central Asia, especially Turkmens – to markets in South Asia. The vision of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India pipeline is far from due for reasons such as insecurity, high supplier prices and unreliable Turkmen reserves, lack of sufficient loan financing and again exuberant tensions between India and Pakistan. In the late 1990s, Pakistan continued to support the Taliban regime in its war against the Northern Alliance, while Russia, all Central Asian republics, minus Turkmenistan, Iran and India, supported the opposition. However, after the September 11, 2001 attacks, General Pervez Musharraf – who took power in a military coup in 1999 – was forced to reverse Pakistani policy and oppose the United States in its ”war on terror. Musharraf feared U.S. action against Pakistan and the prospect of an American-Indian alliance.

In exchange for supporting U.S. war efforts, providing bases and facilitating the transportation of aid, Pakistan would benefit from billions of euros in U.S. aid in the coming years. Less than two months after military operations in Afghanistan, the U.S.-led coalition, in collaboration with the Northern Alliance, overthrew the Taliban regime that fled the Pakistani border with its al-Qaeda allies. In June and until July 2011, Pakistani chitral recruiters and local defence militias were the victims of deadly cross-border raids. In response, the Pakistani army shot dead some Afghan villages in the Afghan provinces of Nuristan, Kunar, Nangarhar and Khost, killing a number of Afghan civilians. [85] The Afghan Ministry of the Interior said that nearly 800 rockets were fired from Pakistan and hit civilian targets in Afghanistan. [86] According to the Afghan declaration, 42 Afghan civilians were killed in attacks in Pakistan, including 30 men and 12 women and girls, 55 others wounded and 120 houses destroyed.

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