Nairobi, 14 July 2020 – The Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol, an international agreement to reduce the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), has reached an important milestone: Liberia is the 100th country to ratify the amendment and provide a welcome boost to the global fight against climate change. The broad support and implementation of the Montreal Protocol has resulted in more than 99% of the nearly 100 ozone-depleting chemicals at the end of their lives and have contributed significantly to climate change mitigation. ”The careful blend of authoritarian science and collaborative action that the protocol has defined for more than 30 years and which should heal our ozone layer is precisely why the Kigali agreement holds such a promise for climate protection in the future.” ”At the beginning of 2019, with optimism: the Kigali agreement on the Montreal Protocol came into force. This can help us make a real and positive influence on our warming planet! #climateaction,” tweeted Joyce Msuya, head of the UN Environment Programme. The amendment aims to massively reduce the use of CFCs, which have become substitutes for toxic fluids for ozone-depleting substances that expire under the Montreal Protocol. CFCs are climate-warming gases with high warming potential. The UNITED Nations Secretariat for Ozone is the secretariat of the Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances. The secretariat assists and assists the contracting parties to the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol, as well as other stakeholders, in the implementation of measures to protect and strengthen the ozone layer and mitigate climate change. Since its inception, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition has worked around the world to reduce CFCs, a highly effective Cliamte-Forcer and a short-lived climate agent. Coalition countries and partners worked together to reach an agreement for the adoption of the Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol and were among the first to ratify it.
”CFCs are a thousand times more harmful to the climate than carbon dioxide. I welcome this decision,” said Estonian Environment Minister Siim Kiisler. UNIDO is uniquely positioned to help developing and economical countries move from CFCs to ozone- and climate-friendly alternatives and to improve energy efficiency. UNIDO specializes in the transfer to low- and zero-potential global warming substances and the safe management of flammable substances. We have experience in promoting energy efficiency and adopting low-carbon technologies and practices. In an effort to protect the climate and the ozone layer in October 2016 at the 28th meeting of the parties to the Montreal Protocol on ozone-depleting substances in Kigali, Rwanda, more than 170 countries agreed on a change to the protocol. The Kigali amendment aims to phase out hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by reducing their production and consumption. Because of their zero effect on ozone depletion, CFCs are currently being used to replace hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HFCs) and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), but they are potent greenhouse gases. With the Kigali amendment, the Montreal Protocol will be an even more powerful instrument against global warming. The amendment will enter into force on 1 January 2019, provided it has been ratified by at least 20 parties. The goal is to reduce HFC consumption by more than 80% by 2047. The effects of the change will prevent an increase in global temperature of 0.5 degrees Celsius until the end of the century.
”The Montreal Protocol is rightly one of the most successful multilateral agreements in history,” said Erik Solheim, former head of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).