Sykes-Picot Agreement Map

In his introduction to a symposium on Sykes-Picot in 2016, law professor Anghie notes that much of the agreement is entrusted to ”trade and trade agreements, access to ports and railway construction.” [50] The second body focused on the lessons of the agreement for current US policy. Roundtable participants warned against rebuilding existing borders. Adeed Dawisha argued that national identity was not completely eroded – even with the civil war and refugee flows – and Olivier Decottignies noted that the Islamic State was the only large group fighting for the elimination of the sykes-Picot borders. Elliott Abrams warned that many monarchies in the region appear to have withstood recent events, but that this is largely the case compared to states that have almost completely collapsed. In the first panel, energy expert Dan Yergin Sykes said the agreement had caused ”positive harm” to the region, while regional expert Martin Indyk argued that Sykes-Picot`s legacy was not the risk of drawing boundaries, but of creating legitimate institutions within the resulting states. Robert Kagan of the Brookings Institution cautioned against the need to set new boundaries and noted that in the past, boundary changes are often accompanied by bloodshed. In the Constantinople Agreement of 18 March 1915, after naval operations began in the run-up to the Gallipoli campaign, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Sazonov wrote to the French and British ambassadors to claim Constantinople and the Dardanelles. During a five-week series of diplomatic talks, the United Kingdom and France, although they made their own claims, agreed on greater influence in Iran in the case of the United Kingdom and on the annexation of Syria (including Palestine) and Cilicia for France. The demands of the United Kingdom and France were unanimous and all parties agreed to leave the exact management of the holy sites to a subsequent settlement. [18] Without the Russian revolutions of 1917, Constantinople and the Strait could have been given after the Allied victory over Russia.

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