Another dimension of the theoretical debate in the Treaty is its place and its relationship with a broader law of obligations. Obligations have traditionally been divided into contracts entered into voluntarily and due to one or more specific persons, and obligations arising from tort, which are based on unlawful harm to certain protected interests imposed primarily by law and generally due to a wider range of persons. Under the Indian Contracts Act, the following agreements are declared null and void: After a breach has occurred, the innocent party is required to mitigate the loss by taking reasonable steps. The inability to mitigate the damage means that the damage can be reduced or even denied altogether.  However, Professor Michael Furmston  argued that ”it is wrong to express (the mitigation rule) by stating that the applicant is required to mitigate its loss”, citing Sotiros Shipping Inc v. Sameiet, The Solholt.  If a party concludes that the contract is not concluded, there is an anticipated breach. This article was written by Anjali Dhingra, IInd Jahr Student, B.B.A. LL.B, Symbiosis Law School, NOIDA. In this article, the author discusses the contract and agreements and the difference between the two. The article also deals with agreements that are contracts and those that are not. Standard contracts are usually drafted to serve the interests of the person offering the contract.
It is possible to negotiate the terms of a standard contract. However, in some cases, your only option is to ”take it or leave it”. You should read the entire agreement, including the fine print, before signing it. Sometimes the ability of natural or artificial persons to perform contracts or to enforce contracts against them is limited. For example, very young children cannot be held to bargains they have made, assuming they do not have the maturity to understand what they are doing; Misguided employees or directors may be prevented from entering into contracts for their business because they have acted ultra vires (beyond their authority). Another example could be that of people with mental disabilities, either by disability or by drunkenness.  More information on unfair contract terms is available on the ACCC website. Most contracts end once the work is completed and payment has been made.
An English common law concept, consideration is necessary for simple contracts, but not for special contracts (contracts by title). In Currie v. Misa , the court stated that consideration was a ”right, interest, profit, advantage or abstention, disadvantage, loss, liability” […].